Continuous Integration and Delivery pipeline using Bitbucket, AWS CodeBuild, AWS CodePipline and AWS CodeDeploy - Part 1

In this post I am going to show you how to develop a continuous integration and continuous delivery pipeline using AWS CodeBuild, AWS CodePipline and AWS CodeDeploy. I will use bitbucket as our source repository. But any other repository such as Github or Gitlab also can be used. Ofcourse, certain steps may defer as AWS Code Pipeline can pull the code directly from Github, but not from bitbucket.

So here are the steps:

1. Configure AWS CodeBuild to build the code by directly pulling from BitBucket and upload the build artifacts in S3.
2. Configure AWS CodeDeploy to pull the build package from S3(configured in above step) and deploy the application.
3. Configure AWS CodePipeline to get the build artifacts from S3 and deploy them using the AWS CodeDeploy application configured in step 2.

This will be three part series, and in this part-1 we will see how to configure AWS CodeBuild.

Part 2: Configuring AWS Code Deploy
Part 3: Configuring AWS CodePipeLine

Step 1: Configure AWS CodeBuild

Login to your AWS console and go to AWS CodeBuild.
Most of the steps to create a CodeBuild project are self explainatory. So here I will mention here the critical steps that you may want to get right.
Under the Source section, choose BitBucket and select "Repository In My BitBucket Account.".
Now choose your "BitBucket Repository" in which you have your code to build.
Now under the "Primary source webhook Events", check the box named "Rebuild every time a code change is pushed to this repository". Additional options will be available where you can configure the events on which code will be built.
For example, you can select whether the code should be built on every push, or on every pull request created or every pull request updated.
As depicted in below screenshot, I have configured my build project to build on everey push on the dev branch, but not to build when any tag is created or updated.

 Now it is time to configure the Environment under which the code is built. Here you have to select the whether you want to use AWS provided Image ("AWS Managed docker images") or custom image ("custom docker image"). 
For most of the common programming language runtimes and environments(such as dotnet, php, nodejs, java, golang) AWS provides, so choose "Managed Image", and then choose the operating system. Here, I have selected Ubuntu, Standard and aws/codebuild/standard:2.0 as Operating System, Runtime and Image respectively.

Now, as with any AWS service, you have to select a service role so that CodeBuild can build you project and upload the artifacts to S3 or use any other AWS services required.

Under the "Additional Configuration" section you can select timeout and specify if your build requires certificates, connection to VPC and compute requirements. Also, you can specify the Environment Variables here. Environment variables are helpful if you want to include custom build step depending on the environment or naming the build artifact based on the environment.

Now, comes the most important step, which is BuildSpec. You can write the commands to build your project using the BuildSpec file. In this section you can choose if build commands are included in a file (name buildspec.yml) in your project, or you can specify the build commands directly in the editor provided by AWS console.

Below is sample of the buildspec.yml, which includes commands to build nodejs project and package it as zip file.

As you can see above, in the first few lines, I provide the runtime environment(here, nodejs, version 10), in the "runtime-version".

In the build section, I have provided commands to build the project. For this node project, after running npm install and npm run build, I am copying the "node_module" folder to the "dist" folder, which contains all other project files except the node_modules folder.
In the artifacts section, I have specified the name of the zip file which contains all the file I want to include in the package. The artifacts section also allows me to specify the files I want to include or exclude in the package. Here I am specifying all the content of the dist folder, which is the output of the build commands mentioned above. I have included appspec.yml and deployment scripts which will be usefull for deploying the application. We will them later in the section about AWS CodeDeploy.

Next comes the Artifacts section, where you can provide the details about the S3 location where your artifacts will be saved.

As shown above, you have to select the S3 bucket(which should be pre-existing) where you want to save the artifacts and the name of the artifact zip file. You will notice that the artifact zip file name matches with the name I specified in the artifact section of the buildspec.yml file.

The Path option is the folder name in the S3 bucket where your artifact will be saved. So in this case, the artifact will be save as "my-codebuild-artifact-1/dev/".

Once this configuration is done, you can click the "Create Build Project" button and your CodeBuild project will be created. Now start the build and once it is finished, you will see your artifact is saved in the above mentioned path.


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